Bowral

New South Wales, Australia
34.47 ° S
150.41 ° E
690 m
Warm temperate dry forest
Cfa Humid subtropical climate
+
Cfal Subtropical climate with evenly distributed precipitation with hot summer with mild winter
Traditional Koppen classification: Cfa (Humid subtropical climate)

Official definition:
  • C – temperature of warmest month greater than or equal to 10 °C and temperature of coldest month less than 18 °C, but higher than -3 °C
  • f – precipitation is relatively evenly distributed throughout the year and do not fulfill classification criteria for s or w type
  • a - temperature of warmest month above 22 °C

The Cfa climate type is typical for areas on the Eastern coasts of continents, mostly between 20th and 30th latitude. The average temperature of the warmest month is higher than 22 °C and the temperature throughout the year range from usually -3 to 18 °C. In the winter, however, in some cases it can be well below freezing point.

Precipitation is relatively evenly distributed during the entire year. Humidity tends to be higher during the summer half year, when the conditions resemble the humid tropical climate. The total annual rainfall can be quite variable, most commonly between 650 and 2500 mm. Thunderstorms during the summer are frequent.

Cfa climate type can be found for example in the Southeastern USA, Northern part of Argentina, Uruguay and Southern part of Brazil, Southern Japan and South of China.


Modern Trewartha classification: Cfal (Subtropical climate with evenly distributed precipitation with hot summer with mild winter)

Subtropical in the Koppen and Trewartha classification is defined as a region, where at least eight months has an average temperature of more than 10 °C, but the coldest month has an average temperature of less than 18 °C. The individual subtypes then differ in their annual precipitation distribution. In Trewartha classification there is a condition of maximum annual precipitation of 900 mm.

In general the subtropical climate is usually found in areas polewards from the tropical zones. It can also be found inside tropical zones at places with higher altitude. Typical are for example citrus trees or palm trees.

The Cf subtype is characterized by precipitation evenly distributed throughout the year.

It can be found for example in Eastern part of South America, in large areas in Southeast U.S., Northern Italy, the Southwest tip of Russia, in Southeast Asia, some parts of Japan or East coast of Australia.

  • hot summer: warmest month with average temperature between 23 and 28 °C
  • mild winter: coldest month with average temperature between 10 and 18 °C

Summary

19.2 °C
15.8 / 23.9

967.0 mm


Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°C) 21.121.419.717.112.99.29.19.612.916.918.921.2 15.8
Avg Temperature(°C) 25.825.223.119.215.312.311.813.416.719.922.625.0 19.2
Max Temperature (°C) 31.832.129.723.320.117.316.117.221.223.126.828.2 23.9
Range 10.710.710.06.27.28.17.07.68.36.27.97.0 8.1


Max month Min month Annual range
Min Temperature Feb Jul 12.3°C
Avg Temperature Jan Jul 14.0°C
Max Temperature Feb Jul 16.0°C
Temperature range Feb Apr 23.0°C
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Min Temperature(°C)
Avg Temperature(°C)
Max Temperature(°C)


Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb

Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Min Temperature 18.9 12.9 16.23 6.0 21.4 21.1 21.23 0.3 19.7 12.9 16.57 6.8 9.6 9.1 9.30 0.5
Avg Temperature 22.6 16.7 19.73 5.9 25.8 25.0 25.33 0.8 23.1 15.3 19.20 7.8 13.4 11.8 12.50 1.6
Max Temperature 26.8 21.2 23.70 5.6 32.1 28.2 30.70 3.9 29.7 20.1 24.37 9.6 17.3 16.1 16.87 1.2

Temperature
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°C) 25.825.223.119.215.312.311.813.416.719.922.625.0 19.2


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Temperature Jan Jul 14.0°C
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Temperature (°C)


Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb

Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Temperature 22.6 16.7 19.73 5.9 25.8 25.0 25.33 0.8 23.1 15.3 19.20 7.8 13.4 11.8 12.50 1.6


Humidity
+

Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%) -9999.0-9999.0-9999.0-9999.0-9999.0-9999.0-9999.0-9999.0-9999.0-9999.0-9999.0-9999.0 19.2


Max month Min month Annual range
Avg Humidity 0, Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec 0, Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec 0.0%
Month Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Avg Humidity (%)


Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb

Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug
Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range Max Min Average Range
Avg Humidity -9999.0 -9999.0 -9999.00 0.0 -9999.0 -9999.0 -9999.00 0.0 -9999.0 -9999.0 -9999.00 0.0 -9999.0 -9999.0 -9999.00 0.0


Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (mm) 89.096.092.082.083.0100.075.066.060.074.073.077.0 80.6 967.0
Wet days -9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999-9999 -9999 -119988
Wet days ratio (%) -32254.8
-9999,10030
-35710.7
-9999,10027
-32254.8
-9999,10030
-33330.0
-9999,10029
-32254.8
-9999,10030
-33330.0
-9999,10029
-32254.8
-9999,10030
-32254.8
-9999,10030
-33330.0
-9999,10029
-32254.8
-9999,10030
-33330.0
-9999,10029
-32254.8
-9999,10030
-32873.4
-32873.4,32973.4


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Jun Sep Summer Spring 40.0mm
Wet days 0, Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec 0, Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter 0
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (mm)
Wet days / month


Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb

Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (mm) 74.0 60.0 14.0 207.0 96.0 77.0 19.0 262.0 92.0 82.0 10.0 257.0 100.0 66.0 34.0 241.0
Wet days -9999 -9999 0 -29997 -9999 -9999 0 -29997 -9999 -9999 0 -29997 -9999 -9999 0 -29997

Precipitation
+

Month Monthly average Annual total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (mm) 89.096.092.082.083.0100.075.066.060.074.073.077.0 80.6 967.0


Max month Min month Max Season Min Season Annual range
Average monthly precipitation Jun Sep Summer Spring 40.0mm
Month
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average monthly precipitation (mm)


Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb

Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug
Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total Max Min Range Total
Average monthly precipitation (mm) 74.0 60.0 14.0 207.0 96.0 77.0 19.0 262.0 92.0 82.0 10.0 257.0 100.0 66.0 34.0 241.0


Sun light / Day length
+

Average daily sunlight Average day length Max day length Min day length Sun light/Day length
Jan -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
849 min
14 h 9 min
849,591
864 min
14 h 24 min
(1.1.)
864,576
828 min
13 h 48 min
(31.1.)
828,612
-1177.9 %
-9999,10848
Feb -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
799 min
13 h 19 min
799,641
826 min
13 h 46 min
(1.2.)
826,614
770 min
12 h 50 min
(29.2.)
770,670
-1251.6 %
-9999,10798
Mar -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
735 min
12 h 15 min
735,705
768 min
12 h 48 min
(1.3.)
768,672
703 min
11 h 43 min
(31.3.)
703,737
-1359.5 %
-9999,10734
Apr -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
671 min
11 h 11 min
671,769
701 min
11 h 41 min
(1.4.)
701,739
643 min
10 h 43 min
(30.4.)
643,797
-1489.4 %
-9999,10670
May -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
618 min
10 h 18 min
618,822
641 min
10 h 41 min
(1.5.)
641,799
599 min
9 h 59 min
(31.5.)
599,841
-1617.3 %
-9999,10617
Jun -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
592 min
9 h 52 min
592,848
599 min
9 h 59 min
(1.6.)
599,841
590 min
9 h 50 min
(20.6.)
590,850
-1688.5 %
-9999,10591
Jul -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
606 min
10 h 6 min
606,834
624 min
10 h 24 min
(31.7.)
624,816
592 min
9 h 52 min
(1.7.)
592,848
-1650.5 %
-9999,10605
Aug -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
652 min
10 h 52 min
652,788
681 min
11 h 21 min
(31.8.)
681,759
626 min
10 h 26 min
(1.8.)
626,814
-1532.8 %
-9999,10651
Sep -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
713 min
11 h 53 min
713,727
744 min
12 h 24 min
(30.9.)
744,696
683 min
11 h 23 min
(1.9.)
683,757
-1401.5 %
-9999,10712
Oct -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
778 min
12 h 58 min
778,662
809 min
13 h 29 min
(31.10.)
809,631
746 min
12 h 26 min
(1.10.)
746,694
-1285.2 %
-9999,10777
Nov -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
835 min
13 h 55 min
835,605
856 min
14 h 16 min
(30.11.)
856,584
811 min
13 h 31 min
(1.11.)
811,629
-1197.4 %
-9999,10834
Dec -9999 min
-167 h 21 min
864 min
14 h 24 min
864,576
867 min
14 h 27 min
(21.12.)
867,573
857 min
14 h 17 min
(1.12.)
857,583
-1156.9 %
-9999,10863
Year -10832 min
-181 h 28 min
726 min
12 h 6 min
726,714
867 min
14 h 27 min
(21. 12.)
867,573
590 min
9 h 50 min
(20. 6.)
590,850
-1492.0 %
-10832,11558



Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb

Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug
Max Min Average Sun light/day Max Min Average Sun light/day Max Min Average Sun light/day Max Min Average Sun light/day
Average sunlight (min/day) -9999 -9999 -9999 -1289.3%
-9999,10775
-9999 -9999 -9999 -1192.9%
-9999,10837
-9999 -9999 -9,999 -1481.2%
-9999,10674
-9999 -9999 -9999 -1620.5%
-9999,10616
Day length 856 683 776 867 770 838 768 599 675 681 590 617

Day length
+

Average day length Max day length Min day length
Jan 849 min
14 h 9 min
849,591
864 min
14 h 24 min
(Array.1.)
864,576
828 min
13 h 48 min
(31.1.)
828,612
Feb 799 min
13 h 19 min
799,641
826 min
13 h 46 min
(Array.2.)
826,614
770 min
12 h 50 min
(29.2.)
770,670
Mar 735 min
12 h 15 min
735,705
768 min
12 h 48 min
(Array.3.)
768,672
703 min
11 h 43 min
(31.3.)
703,737
Apr 671 min
11 h 11 min
671,769
701 min
11 h 41 min
(Array.4.)
701,739
643 min
10 h 43 min
(30.4.)
643,797
May 618 min
10 h 18 min
618,822
641 min
10 h 41 min
(Array.5.)
641,799
599 min
9 h 59 min
(31.5.)
599,841
Jun 592 min
9 h 52 min
592,848
599 min
9 h 59 min
(Array.6.)
599,841
590 min
9 h 50 min
(20.6.)
590,850
Jul 606 min
10 h 6 min
606,834
624 min
10 h 24 min
(Array.7.)
624,816
592 min
9 h 52 min
(1.7.)
592,848
Aug 652 min
10 h 52 min
652,788
681 min
11 h 21 min
(Array.8.)
681,759
626 min
10 h 26 min
(1.8.)
626,814
Sep 713 min
11 h 53 min
713,727
744 min
12 h 24 min
(Array.9.)
744,696
683 min
11 h 23 min
(1.9.)
683,757
Oct 778 min
12 h 58 min
778,662
809 min
13 h 29 min
(Array.10.)
809,631
746 min
12 h 26 min
(1.10.)
746,694
Nov 835 min
13 h 55 min
835,605
856 min
14 h 16 min
(Array.11.)
856,584
811 min
13 h 31 min
(1.11.)
811,629
Dec 864 min
14 h 24 min
864,576
867 min
14 h 27 min
(Array.12.)
867,573
857 min
14 h 17 min
(1.12.)
857,583
Year 726 min
12 h 6 min
726,714
867 min
14 h 27 min
(22. 12.)
867,573
590 min
9 h 50 min
(21. 6.)
590,850



Sep, Oct, Nov

Dec, Jan, Feb

Mar, Apr, May

Jun, Jul, Aug
Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average Max Min Average
Day length 856 683 776 867 770 838 768 599 675 681 590 617


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